History of Utah, 1540 - 1886
by Hubert Howe Bancroft
San Francisco, The History Company, 1889
|Chapter 1||Discoveries of
the Spaniards. 1540-1777.
Francisco Vazquez De Coronado at Cνbola Expedition of Pedro De Tobar and Father Juan De Padilla They Hear of a Large River Garcνa Lopez De Cαrdenas Sent in Search of It The First Europeans to Approach Utah Route of Cαrdenas Mythical Maps Part of the Northern Mystery Journey of Dominguez and Escalante the Course They Followed The Rivers They Crossed the Comanches Region of the Great Lakes Rivers Timpanogos, San Buenaventura, and Others the Country of the Yutas Route From Santa Fι to Monterey the Friars Talk of the Lake Country Return of the Spaniards to Zuρi and March to Santa Fι.
Advent of Trappers and
Invasion By Fur Hunters Baron La Hontan and His Fables the Popular Geographic Idea Discovery of the Great Salt Lake James Bridger Deciding a Bet He Determines the Course of Bear River and Comes Upon the Great Lake Henry, Ashley, Green, and Beckwourth on the Ground Fort Built at Utah Lake Peter Skeen Ogden Journey of Jedediah S. Smith a Strange Country Pegleg Smith Wolfskill, Yount, and Burton Traverse the Country Walker's Visit to California Some Old Maps the Bartleson Company Statements of Bidwell and Belden Compared Whitman and Lovejoy Frιmont Pacific Coast Immigrations of 1845 and 1846 Origin of the Name Utah.
|Chapter 3|| The Story of
A Glance Eastward the Middle States Sixty Years Ago Birth and Parentage of Joseph Smith Spiritual Manifestations Joseph Tells His Vision and is Reviled Moroni Appears Persecutions Copying the Plates Martin Harris Oliver Cowdery Translation the Book of Mormon Aaronic Priesthood Conferred Conversions the Whitmer Family the Witnesses Spaulding Theory Printing of the Book Melchisedec Priesthood Conferred Duties of Elders and Others Church of Latter-Day Saints Organized First Miracle First Conference Oliver Cowdery Ordered to the West.
|Chapter 4|| The Story of
Parley Pratt's Conversion Mission to the Lamanites the Missionaries at Kirtland Conversion of Sidney Rigdon Mormon Success at Kirtland the Missionaries in Missouri Rigdon Visits Smith Edward Partridge the Melchisedec Priesthood Given Smith and Rigdon Journey to Missouri Bible Translation Smith's Second Visit to Missouri Unexampled Prosperity Causes of Persecutions Mobocracy the Saints Are Driven From Jackson County Treachery of Boggs Military Organization at Kirtland the Name Latter-Day Saints March to Missouri.
|Chapter 5|| The Story of
President Smith at Kirtland First Quorum of Twelve Apostles the Kirtland Temple Completed Kirtland Safety Society Bank in Zion Again the Saints in Missouri Apostasy Zeal and Indiscretion Military Organization the War Opens Depredations on Both Sides Movements of Atchison, Parks, and Doniphan Attitude of Boggs Wight and Gilliam Death of Patten Danite Organization Order Lodge Haun Mill Tragedy Mobs and Militia the Tables Turned Boggs' Exterminating Order Lucas and Clark at Far West Surrender of the Mormon's Prisoners Petitions and Memorials Expulsion Gathering at Quincy Opinions.
|Chapter 6||The Story of Mormonism.
The City of Nauvoo Its Temple and University the Nauvoo Legion the Mormons in Illinois Evil Reports Revelation on Polygamy Its Reception and Practice the Prophet a Candidate for the Presidency the 'Nauvoo Expositor' Joseph Arrested Governor Ford and His Measures Joseph and Hyrum Proceed to Carthage Their Imprisonment the Governor's Pledge Assassination of the Prophet and His Brother Character of Joseph Smith a Panic at Carthage Addresses of Richards and Taylor Peaceful Attitude of the Mormons.
|Chapter 7||Brigham Young
Succeeds Joseph. 1844-1845.
The Question of Succession Biography of Brigham Young His Early Life Conversion Missionary Work Made President of the Twelve His Devotion to the Prophet Sidney Rigdon and Brigham Young Rival Aspirants for the Presidency Rigdon's Claims Public Meetings Brigham Elected President of the Church His Character Temple- Building Fresh Disasters the Affair at Morley the Men of Quincy and the Men of Carthage the Mormons Consent to Abandon Their City.
|Chapter 8||Expulsion From
A Busy City Meeting in the Temple Sacrifice of Property Detachments Move Forward a Singular Exodus the First Encampment Cool Proposal From Brother Brannan the Journey Courage and Good Cheer Swelling of Their Numbers the Remnant of the Saints in Nauvoo Attitude of the Gentiles the Mormons Attacked Continued Hostilities the Final Departures the Poor Camp a Deserted City.
|Chapter 9||At The Missouri.
Native Racks of the Missouri the Pottawattamies and the Omahas the Mormons Welcomed As Brethren War With Mexico Californila Territory Mexican Boundaries Application to the United States Government for Aid An Offer to Serve As Soldiers Accepted Organization of the Mormon Battalion Departure of the Battalion Bounty Money March Across the Continent the Battalion in California Matters on the Missouri.
|Chapter 10||Migration to Utah.
Camp Near the Missouri Preparations at Winter Quartrs Departure of the Pioneer Band Elkhorn Rendezvous Route and Routine Incidents of Journey Approach to Zion in the Caρon Hosanna! Hallelujah! Entry Into the Valley of the Great Salt Lake Ploughing and Planting Praying and Praising Site for a City Chosen Temple Block Selected Return of Companies to Winter Quarters Their Meeting With the Westward-Bound General Epistle of the Twelve.
|Chapter 11||In The Valley
of The Great Salt Lake. 1848.
Food and Raiment Houses Home Manufactures the Fort Wild Beasts Cannon From Sutter's Fort Indian Children for Sale Measles Population Mills and Farming Machinery the Plague of Crickets They Are Destroyed By Gulls Scarcity of Provisions the Harvest Feast Immigration Five Thousand Saints Gathered in the Valley Fencing and Farming Distribution of Lots Organization of County Government Association for the Extermination of Wild Beasts.
|Chapter 12||In The Valley
of The Great Salt Lake. 1849.
Food Supply and Shelter Building Lots Currency Issue Bank Notes and Coinage Private and Public Buildings Wide Area of the City Second Anniversary of the Pioneers Festivals and Amusements Labor a Duty Among the Saints Effect of the California Gold Discovery Immigration Carrying Company California-Bound Emigrants Their Traffic With the Mormons Products and Prices Gold-Hunting Frowned Upon By the Church.
|Chapter 13||Settlement and
Occupation of the Country. 1847-1852.
Founding of Centreville Bountiful Ogden Lynne Easton Marriotsville San Pete Provo Indian War Walled Cities Evansville Lehi Battle Creek Pleasant Grove American Fork Payson Nephi Manti Chief Walker Fillmore Site Chosen for the Capital Tooele Grantsville Kaysville Little Salt Lake Parowan Cedar City Paragoonah Forts Walker and Harmony Box Elder Creek Brigham City Willard City San Bernardino in California.
|Chapter 14||Education, Manufactures,
Commerce, Agriculture, Society. 1850-1852.
Boundaries and Extent of Utah Configuration and Physical Features of the Country Its Lands and Waters Flora and Fauna State University Curriculum Educational Ideas Library Periodicals Tabernacle and Temple New Fort Progress of the Useful Arts Mills, Factories, and Manufactures Farm Products Traffic Population Revenue Mortality Healthful Airs and Medicinal Springs.
What is Mormonism? Tenets of the Church Sacred Books and Personages Organization Priesthood First Presidency the Twelve Apostles Patriarchs Elders, Bishops, Priests, Teachers, and Deacons the Seventies Stakes and Wards Marriage Temple Building Tabernacle Political Aspect Polygamy As a Church Tenet Celestial Marriage Attitude and Arguments of Civilization Polygamy's Reply Ethics and Law the Charge of Disloyalty Proposed Remedies.
[See 15 Part A above.]
|Chapter 16||Missions and Immigration.
Mormon Missionaries Parley Pratt and His Colleagues Missionary Labor in Canada In Great Britain Missionaries in Europe And in Other Parts of the World The Perpetual Emigration Fund A General Epistle of the Twelve From Liverpool to Salt Lake City for Fifty Dollars Emigrant Ships Report of a Liverpool Manager the Passage to New Orleans Overland Travel Classes of Emigrants George A. Smith's Companies at South Pass The Hand-Cart Emigration Biographical.
|Chapter 17||Utah As a Territory.
Need of Civil Government the State of Deseret Organized Memorials for Admission Into the Union Proposed Consolidation With California Administration of Justice Proceedings of the Legislature Babbit's Reception at Washington the State of Deseret Before Congress Act to Establish a Territorial Government Appointment of Officials Ill Feeling Between Them and the Mormons the Officials Depart for Washington Measures of the Legislative Assembly Stansbury's Survey the Gunnison Massacre Indian Outbreaks the Walker War Mexican Slave-Traders.
|Chapter 18||The Government
in Arms. 1853-1857.
Brigham As Dictator Utah Seeks Admission As a State Dissatisfaction Among the Saints Conflicting Judiciaries the New Federal Officials Disputes With Judge Drummond Colonel Steptoe An Expedition Ordered to Utah Official Blunders the Troops Assemble at Fort Leavenworth Hockaday and Magraw's Mail Contract the Brigham Young Express Celebration of the Pioneer Anniversary News of the Coming Invasion Its Effect on the Mormons Arrival of Major Van Vliet the Nauvoo Legion Mormon Tactics.
|Chapter 19||The Utah War.
Opening of the Campaign Burning of Supply Trains Strategic Movement of Colonel Alexander His Retreat Arrival of Albert Sidney Johnston the March to Fort Bridger Winter at Camp Scott Mission of Colonel Kane Governor Cumming at Salt Lake City Pardon Proclaimed the Peace Commissioners the Army of Utah Advances on Zion the City Deserted the Mormons Return to Their Homes the Troops Cantoned at Camp Floyd Conduct of the Soldiery and Camp Followers Judges Sinclair and Cradlebaugh the Reformation in Utah.
|Chapter 20||The Mountain Meadows
An Arkansas Emigrant Party Arrives at Salt Lake City Assassination of Parley P. Pratt Ill Feeling Against the Emigrants Alleged Outrages Their Arrival at Mountain Meadows They Are Attacked By Indians a Flag of Truce Plan of the Massacre Surrender of the Emigrants the Butchery Burial of the Slain the Survivors Judge Cradlebaugh's Investigation the Aiken Massacre John D. Lee on Trial the Jury Disagree the Second Trial Lee Convicted and Sentenced His Confession and Execution.
|Chapter 21||Political, Social,
and Institutional. 1859-1862.
Brigham Threatened With Arrest the Federal Judges Reproved Departure of Governor Cumming and of the Army of Utah Population of the Territory Mortality Wealth Industries Prices Wages Trade Salt Lake City in 1860 the Temple Block Social Gatherings Theatricals Scientific and Other Institutions Character of the Population Carson Valley San Bernardino Summit County and Its Settlements Purchase of Fort Bridger Wasatch County Morgan County Cache Valley Settlements in Southern Utah.
|Chapter 22||Progress of Events.
Governor Dawson's Gallantry Utah Refused Admission As a State Passage of a Bill Against Polygamy Measures of the Legislature Arrival of Governor Harding Disputes Between Brigham and the Federal Officials Arrival of the California Volunteers a False Alarm the Morrisite Troubles Governors Doty and Durkee the Limits of Utah Curtailed Celebration of Lincoln's Second Inauguration the Brassfield and Robinson Murders Indian Outbreaks the Battle of Bear River Disturbances in Southern Utah Treaties With Indian Tribes the Uintah Valley Reservation Bibliographical.
|Chapter 23||Schisms and Apostasies.
The Strangites the Gatherers Brannan's Followers the Gladdenites the Reorganized Church of Latter-Day Saints Alexander and David Hyrum Smith the Utah Magazine Trial of Godbe and Harrison Success of the Godbeite Movement the Struggle for Commercial Control Persecution of Gentile Merchants Zion's Coφperative Mercantile Institution Extent of Its Operations Disastrorous Effect on Gentile Trade Reaction in Favor of the Reformers.
|Chapter 24||The Last Days
of Brigham Young. 1869-1877.
Visit of Schuyler Colfax Godbe's Interview With President Grant Governor Shaffer Military Riot at Provo Governor Woods Judge Mckean Burlesque of Justice Arrest of Brigham Young and Others George Q. Cannon Chosen Delegate Axtell's Administration Governor Emery Death of Brigham His Obsequies His Character His Will.
and State. 1877-1885.
Conference of the Church Reorganization of the First Presidency John Taylor Appointed President His Appearance and Mien the Edmunds Bill Its Penalties An Ex Post Facto Law Polygamists Disfranchised Utah Again Refused Admission As a State Operations of the Utah Commission Govenor Murray's Message His Administration.
|Chapter 26||Settlements, Society,
and Education. 1862-1886.
Population and Statistics Salt Lake City The Temple The New Tabernacle The Museum Condition of the Inhabitants Distinctive Features Salt Lake County Davis County Ogden Cache County Rich County Summit County Brigham City Nephi Provo Uintah, Emery, San Juan, Garfield, and Piute Counties Sanpete and Sevler Counties Iron, Kane, and Washington Counties Schools The University of Deseret The Deseret Alphabet Libraries Journals and Journalism.
|Chapter 27||Agriculture, Stock-Raising,
Manufactures, and Mining. 1852-1886.
Agricultural Products and Yield Per Acre Irrigation Character of the Soil Fruit Culture Viticulture Sericulture Timber and Timber-Lands Bunch-Grass Cattle-Raising Dairy Products Horses Sheep Woollen Manufactures Leather Other Manufactures Iron-Mining Coal-Mining Copper Sulphur Gypsum and Mica Other Minerals Building Stone Gold and Silver the West Mountain District the Rush Valley District the Cottonwood District the American Fork District the Tintic District the Ontario Mine Other Mining Districts Mining Products Milling, Smelting, and Reduction-Works.
|Chapter 28||Commerce and Communication.
Common Roadways Railroads the Union and Central Pacific The Utah Central The Utah Southern The Utah and Northern The Utah Eastern The Salt Lake and Western The Utah and Nevada The Denver and Rio Grande Western Imports and Exports Commerce and Trade Banking Insurance Taxation and Revenue Mails and Mail Services The First Telegraphic Message The Deseret Telegraph Company.
|Index||A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.|
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